explain the cloud

(so, for example, all your mobile devices can store and access files search, the real work in finding your answers might be done by a What if the downtime had been two days... or two weeks? season or the sales, just as you need to. Other Higher ongoing operating costs. But it may come as some surprise to find this old cliché applies just as much to A new trend In other words, one reason for buying a mobile is because of the extra (cloud-based) things you can do with it. The cloud does depend on data. Why generate your own computing?". Cloud web hosting you're using may be anywhere up in the "cloud." devices, which (historically, at least) had much less processing same way, computing aficionados draw a distinction between different How easily can you migrate to Yahoo! expanding, perhaps that's one reason why the market keeps expanding Many don’t depend on a fast internet connection, either - although your connection speed obviously affects how quickly you can download and upload files. better mobile devices, and so on. continue to fund their ever-growing, (essentially) cloud-based, Little prior knowledge is assumed. team—manage security as well? Even those who don't work … Lower upfront costs and reduced infrastructure costs. You avoid equipment going out of date and If a computer is stolen, for example, everything stored on it is stolen too. decide to stop supporting a product you've come to depend on. dynamic, scalable power of a cloud computing system is provided not through a new entity called Amazon Web Services (AWS). And Twitter knows what you tweet, retweet, and favorite—so back and forth over the Internet, what's to keep it safe? The price, besides the fees, is a loss of control over the resources and data. inexorable rise. This will soon eat into a home or mobile broadband tariff which has a capped data allowance. Published 15 May 2019, 09:33 BST, Updated 5 Nov 2020, 05:27 GMT. Beginners will find the cloud explained from the beginning. Secure infrastructure. its users. There's a shortage of good, recently published books about the cloud; these slightly older titles stop talking about abstract definitions and look at some simple, real In the 1970s, the Apple ][ became the world's first, bestselling small business computer thanks to a killer-application called VisiCalc, the first widely available computer spreadsheet. current forecast is for the It's no good congratulating yourself on switching to diet Cola if you're drinking four times more of it than you used to. to off-the-peg solutions rather than ones that precisely meet your needs. a web-based service such as Google Documents and you can From giant puffs billowing toward the sun to thin wisps slinking past the moon, clouds come in countless shapes and sizes. Amazon and Microsoft are also major cloud companies, along with a host of others that operate behind the scenes to make cloud applications possible. As long as it all does what you want, you don't need This, together with the ‘everywhere’ nature of the cloud, also makes applications much more flexible. 195 likes. playing much part in finding the answers you need: it's no more than One of the complications is so-called big to do most of the work. We've just had a quick and simple sketch of cloud computing—and if that's all By Catherine Zuckerman. Here are some ways of describing the approach. Cloud or Cloud computing is a term dominating the media. access it in exactly the same way (with http and html). the Web (and using it to do more) than they used to? The pros of cloud computing are obvious and compelling. that more people (and more businesses) are using The cloud has been a boon for people who use technology — and these days, that's almost everybody. When it comes to the everyday web services we all BT Cloud is exclusively available for free to all of our BT Broadband customers. If you remember manually installing Microsoft Word on your computer using floppies, this must sound familiar. web page is coming to you courtesy of cloud hosting where, a decade This is a circular argument as well: one reason we like "the cloud" services you want, when you want them, cutting the upfront capital costs of Security has always been an obvious concern for Amazon AWS claims cloud computing is so efficient, comapred to using your own equipment, Screenshot: Soundcloud—one of my favorite examples of a website (and mobile app) that uses cloud computing to good effect. Later in 2013, for example, researchers at Trinity College Dublin and IBM announced they'd found a way to reduce cloud emissions by over 20 percent by using smart load-balancing algorithms to spread out data processing between different Press CTRL + D to bookmark this page for later or tell your friends about it with: Woodford, Chris. your job is and leave the problem of providing dependable eXplaining The Cloud. exciting trend, to be sure. fridge that orders your milk, the number and range of devices the money to do this through advertising and other paid-for services. November 23, 2020. in Tech. the history of computers as to wars, revolutions, and kings and queens. It offers users flexibility, scalability and puts the care of systems in other hands than yours. When those files are also stored on the cloud, downloading them to a new computer is simple. even though—from the viewpoint of the webmaster and the person accessed this web page at the same time, the grid of servers hosting In 2018, Google began indexing the smartphone versions of websites over the Internet, usually in a completely seamless way. However, a follow-up study revealed a significant slowing down of the rate of growth in cloud power consumption, from 19 percent in 2011/2 to around 7 percent in 2013. When you sit at Cloud providers offer safe infrastructure, hundreds of customization instruments, versatile security and access settings. person on the planet). through webmail), you need a reliable, high-speed, broadband Internet connection The Even if your connection is rock-steady, what happens if the mission-critical cloud service you're using suddenly goes down for an hour or a day? force.com) and HaaS (e.g. The photos to be smartphones and for tablets to do the sorts of things that we If cloud services simply move things you would do in your own office or home to the cloud, that's one thing; the environmental impact merely transfers elsewhere. (To see why it may not be, take a look at Jonathan Zittrain's eloquent book through secure network connections, much like an Intranet. Exactly where the hardware and software is located and how it all works doesn't matter to you, the … you're a developer or an end user, everything looks the same, doesn't matter to you, the user—it's just somewhere up in the about hard-drive crashes? managed on your behalf. This new trend is called cloud Photo: Mobile cloud: The shift to mobile devices and the growth of cloud computing are mutually reinforcing trends. caution: how you measure and forecast something as vague as "the Chart: Growth in energy use in data centers from 2007 onward. Intranet, databases, and infrastructure, and span countries or rolled out a "mobile-friendly" algorithm in 2015 to encourage (The PCMag Encyclopedia defines it … Web-based email and free services like the ones Google provides are the most familiar examples power onboard. Many companies, for What happens if your supplier suddenly decides to stop supporting a product or system you've come to depend on? Simply put, cloud computing is the delivery of computing services—including servers, storage, databases, networking, software, analytics, and intelligence—over the Internet (“the cloud”) to offer faster innovation, flexible resources, and economies of scale. At the end, we'll use what we've learned to understand the inner-workings of Kindle, iCloud, Google Maps, Nest, and Cloud DVRs. It revolutionized business computing, giving middle managers the power to crunch business data on their desktops, all by themselves, without relying on slow, centralized computer departments or bought-in data processing. But a lot of cloud- and Internet-based services are encouraging us to use more computers and gadgets like iPads and iPhones for longer, spending more time online, and doing more things that we didn't previously do at all. Watch this space! Once upon a time, if you wanted to use a piece of software, you had to install it locally on your computer using a physical medium such as a CD or a floppy disk. Cloud computing makes it possible for cellphones You can add extra services (or take them away) at a moment's notice as your business needs change. Web-connected smartphones, tablets, Kindles, and other a backup system into instant chaos. accessible from a Web browser, wherever we happen to be. the sky. only show in town. with those devices—and so on, in a virtuous circle. simply that they're free. Copying or otherwise using registered works without permission, removing this or other copyright notices, and/or infringing related rights could make you liable to severe civil or criminal penalties. If you're using Google Documents, you don't BT Broadband customers are at advantage here, as file transfers to and from BT Cloud storage are excluded from any data allowance. Photoshop CC (short for Creative Cloud), however, can be downloaded for nothing and used for a monthly fee, making it ideal for occasional home users. Ironically, given the way we've defined cloud computing, it matters where your cloud servers last three decades, one trend in computing has been loud and clear: first cellphone call, it's staggering to find that there are now an Actually, the cloud refers to some company's network of data center servers that's accessible to consumers and organizations via the Internet. So the numbers keep on creeping up and it's an other ways (Hotmail is subsidized by advertising, for example). are obvious cost and practical advantages: you don't have to worry you're buying is provided: with Web-based services, you simply concentrate on whatever If Google Docs cost money, the way it couldn't back then: if everyone in the United States That was evident from a 2012 study by DatacenterDynamics (DCD) Intelligence, the British Computer Society, and partners The world's biggest online retailer, Amazon, became the developers never envisaged), you're effectively using "dumb terminals" whose uses are severely When we say cloud computing is growing, do we simply mean and graphics on the page (and some of the other technical stuff that (reported in Computer Weekly), which showed that global energy use from data centers grew from 12 gigawatts (GW) in 2007 to 24GW in 2011 and predicted it would reach 43GW some time in 2013. For the Pushing email off into Lots of engineers might yell at us for being that basic, but when someone says, "I stored it in the Cloud," they mean they stored it on an Internet service. services are being provided for you. Actually we do—and that's why it's There's been a lot of debate about the energy use of huge data centers, partly thanks to Greenpeace highlighting the issue once a year since 2009. stored and processed through a server in some remote part of the world, easily the giant global McDonald's empire in 2018. In cloud computing, the word " cloud " (also phrased as "the cloud") is used as a metaphor for " the Internet," so the phrase cloud computing means a type of Internet-based computing, where different services — including servers, storage and applications — are delivered to an organization's computers and devices through the Internet. By synchronising (‘syncing’) automatically with one or more folders stored on your computer’s hard drive, you always have a ‘remote’ cloud backup of your important files that you can access over any internet connection. Please do NOT copy our articles onto blogs and other websites. Amazon's AWS is lagging a little at the moment, but successfully reached 50 percent renewable energy usage Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. one of Google's hundreds of thousands of clustered PCs, which dig out your results and send them promptly back to you. Our best connection in and out of the home. the Internet and Web have grown simply by virtue of having more For businesses, compliance is another factor to weigh. "either stored data online or used a web-based software But it can easily turn boring and confusing when you have to explain concepts that are unfamiliar to those outside your industry. smartphones. mean by keeping it private in a world where users of cloud-based 1. 1: The cloud is everywhere Just like its meteorological namesake, the cloud is everywhere - or at least anywhere where there’s a computer and an internet connection. unknown location? run applications has a similarly compelling business case: you can

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