Recommended citation Birds including crows and kites prey on eggs; dingos, foxes or feral dogs prey on chicks. Even downy chicks mimic the adult dance moves! The sarus crane is found in three distinct populations: northern Australia, southeastern Asia (Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar) and the Indian subcontinent (Pakistan, India, Nepal). Worldwide Crane Conservation Strategy updated, available in new book Baraboo, WI – The latest edition of the IUCN SSC Crane Conservation Strategy is now available. Nests may be reused year after year. The nest can be more than six feet in diameter and three feet high. BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Antigone antigone. Protection of these beautiful birds is difficult because it often requires the cooperation of many countries. The Babbler: BirdLife in Indochina: 18-19. The adult birds have light grey plumage covering their bodies and black-tipped wings. They have gray wings and body, a bare red head and upper neck with a narrow band of bristle black feathers, a white crown and black wingtips. Conservation of the vulnerable Sarus Crane Grus antigone antigone in Kota, Rajasthan, India: a case study of community involvement. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species lists the brolga as being of "least concern" because it has a large range and a population of more than 10,000 individuals. It is the tallest flying bird, and can grow to 1.8 m (5.9 ft) tall. Uttar Pradesh: an unlikely Shangri-La. Archibald, G. W.; Sundar, K. S. G.; Barzen, J. IUCN SSC Crane Specialist Group Australian Govt - Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000 - Recovery Outline for Grus antigone gillae Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001). Khacher, L. 2006. Environment Australia, Canberra. At least one crane species is found on every continent except Antarctica. Sarus cranes are monogamous mating for life. The sarus crane, a bird species characteristic of wetlands, is categorized as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. For over 40 years, the eastern sarus crane, which is assessed as vulnerable to extinction on the IUCN Red List, was thought to be extinct in Thailand due to habitat loss and damage to its natural habitat. They may congregate in large flocks of up to 200 birds during non-breeding season. In the wild: Frogs, lizards, grasshoppers, seeds, grains, cereal crops like rice, insects, aquatic plants, fish, water snakes and eggs of other birds. In India, the bird is mainly found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and northeast. Photo Ark Home Indochinese Sarus Crane | National Geographic Society Anon. Its wingspan can be up to 2.4 metres (8 ft) and its weight 8.4 kg (18.5 lb). Sarus cranes are usually seen in pairs or family groups. Sarus cranes are considered vulnerable. Dancing is not just a mating behavior. Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001). In contrast, cranes that breed in the coldest areas (lesser sandhill, Siberian, and black-necked) have the darkest eggs, perhaps an adaptation to absorb more heat from sunlight. A review of the three subspecies of Sarus Cranes Grus antigone. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, U.K. Siri-Arunrat, B. This article was published in Resonance (December 2009). Distribution, demography and conservation status of the Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone antigone) in India. Newsletter of China Ornithological Society 15(2): 29. As a result, these cranes must shade their eggs from the sun. Sarus cranes lay bright white eggs. The sarus crane ( Grus antigone) is a large non- migratory crane found in parts of the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia and Australia. Anon. Adult cranes can also make a range of sounds from hissing to purrs to screams. Kaur, J.; Nair, A.; Choudhury, B. C. 2008. Antigone antigone (Sarus Crane) is a species of birds in the family cranes. GA This article has been rated as GA-Class on the project's quality scale. It puts everything you need for an amazing Zoo experience right into the palm of your hand! Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 98: 108-110. POPULATION: ~ 15,000 – 20,000. 2009 Sarus Crane census in Cambodia. In parts of Asia, cranes are symbols of good luck and long life. Journal of Ecological Society 16: 16-41. The Babbler: BirdLife in Indochina 2(2): 6. They weigh 11-26 pounds (5-12 kg) – males are larger than females. Oryx 42(3): 452-455. They are consequently threatened … Non-breeding birds may stay in flocks until they find a mate and establish a breeding territory. They have light grey wings and bodies. Cranes are one of the most endangered bird families on the planet, with 11 of 15 species facing extinction. Mated pairs establish a nesting territory and build a large nest in a wet marsh or paddy field. It is estimated that only 15-20,000 sarus cranes are left – which is less than 5% of the number of cranes in 1850. Evidence indicates a decline in their overall population primarily due to the habitat loss and the ongoing conversion of wetlands to agricultural uses. Chicks and juvenile cranes make a low clear “peep” which is repeated at short intervals. A. At present, success stories for endangered species are too rare globally. Sarus crane is part of WikiProject Birds, an attempt at creating a standardized, informative and easy-to-use ornithological resource.If you would like to participate, visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. Sarus cranes may live up to 42 years in captivity. Environmental Conservation 32: 260-269. http://www.birdlife.org on 02/12/2020. The sarus crane (Grus antigone antigone) is listed as “vulnerable” in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.Sarus cranes are distributed in the lowlands, but most live outside protected areas, especially in agricultural areas and wetlands of … Fertilizers for crops have been consumed by cranes which often result in death.
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